From a statement by the Minister of Higher Education, Science, Research and Innovation (14 Dec’20), our country will send a probe to the moon within seven years, which has caused an issue. Many people are wondering whether it is true or not. And this is a serious goal. We are not going to answer anything. But just it coincidentally obstructs that NASA has just released a new campaign to educate about the technology that will be used to explore the moon. And brought the people up there, So we want to share the knowledge of what technology he needs to get to the moon? And this survey What is the benefit of our life on earth?
On December 12, Jim Bridenstine, Executive Director of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), launched the ‘Virtual Tech Day on the Hill’ campaign. A press release that provides information about NASA’s space technology. Developed to support a new era of lunar exploration And the goal is to bring the first American woman and the next man to the moon by 2024.
Said Braden Style. “This project brings together eight years of technology development efforts, and because of the current COVID crisis, we can’t get close to one another. This is the first project that we will provide virtual data. (Each clip brings a person in charge to discuss And show the real workplace) about the Artemis project to see the team’s efforts still in action, whether from home, living room, or in their own kitchen. And thank the people for always following and supporting us. “
This mission requires personnel who are experts from various fields to innovate and develop advanced technologies. To reach more exploration of the lunar surface And develop the potential necessary for future missions on Mars.
To create understanding and support from the public sector, NASA has produced a video clip. The presentation of relevant technologies and major projects shows that investing in these technologies And completing the survey will revolutionize the space industry and our planet? This is the technology that NASA has selected for us to see.
Automatic Folding Survey Robot Project (A-PUFFER)
NASA has developed a shoebox-sized robot with the full name Autonomous Pop-Up Flat Folding Explorer Robot, or A-PUFFER for short. This robot was designed To spy on the moon And may be developed to be available to Mars.
The reason for this development was because it could be used instead of a walking survey. Because some places on the moon are difficult to reach And there is a high risk if the astronauts have to walk in to explore themselves. Areas that include craters and narrow caves, etc. In addition to developing robots to be durable. Also need to improve the signal transmission to be more accurate. This should lead to the development of a survey drone on our planet as well.
To make a long journey with human beings Safe and worry-free, Well-being, NASA personnel must develop biological microorganisms techniques. Those products still have quality even in space. Those products include nutrients, drugs, bioplastics, and more, with the images seen in the clip showing development efforts in this regard over five years aboard the ISS. This one is very close directly to food preservation technology on our planet. In the future, we may see new food preservation techniques that maintain better food quality.
CAPSTONE is the first CubeSat to orbit the unique moon. It weighs only 55 pounds (about 25 kilograms) and is part of the As part of the Cislunar Autonomous Positioning System Technology Operations and Navigation Experiment technology, CAPSTONE is known.
CAPSTONE’s job is to help reduce the risks to future spacecraft. With innovative navigation technology validation And examine the orbital dynamics.
This orbit, officially called the Near rectilinear halo orbit, or NRHO, is an orbit with a distinctly elongated ellipse. Its position is located in a perfect balance between the gravity of the Earth and the Moon. Suitable for long-term missions: It takes very little energy to maintain any object that stability. This orbit will lead CAPSTONE to travel within 1,000 miles (approximately 1,609 kilometers) from the lunar pole as it approaches and 43,500 miles (about 70,006 km) from the other side of the lunar pole. While at the farthest point every 7 days.
This technology is likely to be useful for developing a navigation system or positioning on the world like GPS as well.
NIAC – ISR technology
NIAC, full name NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts Inflatable Spherical Reflector, is a project to develop technology for storing large antennas that can be folded and packaged into small spaces (Inflatable Spherical Reflector technology: ISR technology). In small satellites (SmallSat or CubeSat), the reflector will bounce and slowly spread out in orbit.
The reason for the need to use a large antenna is because it can transmit large amounts of data with less power. In the Artemis project, ISR technology can transmit data from the moon’s orbit or the lunar surface. Also, the system may detect water emissions and GPS on the moon to navigate. On the lunar surface from a distance, this technology makes 5G communications on Earth possible.
Heat shield cross-section
The innovative heat shield that cross-section Used for entering the atmosphere is a collaboration between NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate, the government, and the United Launch Alliance (ULA), the private sector.
To support the body in the air instead of driving. This technology will act as a giant brake as the spacecraft moves through Mars’ atmosphere. A large heat shield creates a strong ruggedness and starts to slow down the head it first touches the atmosphere. Make the spacecraft slow down well. While the craft is still at a high level, At the same time, it also reduces the heat from the friction with the atmosphere.
And it wouldn’t be strange if this technology would be further developed in the aviation industry on Earth.
The original mission of NASA Most of them uses radio frequency communication. To send data to and from the spacecraft To make communication faster and more efficient, NASA has developed the Optical Communications, or Laser Communications Relay Demonstration (LCRD), which will greatly benefit the collective mission. Because there is an increase of 10 to 100 times more bandwidth than radio frequency systems, this is likely to develop communication systems in the future.
OSAM-1 Space Pump
OSAM-1 is the primary mission of NASA’s Exploration & In-space Services Projects Division (Nexis). The OSAM-1 spacecraft and its built-in robotic system will fuel the satellites in space. Assemble the communication antenna and produce the beam. Besides being used in space, NASA also transferred OSAM-1 technology to external agencies. To help create a new service within the country as well.
PRIME-1 water-seeking robot
Polar Resources Ice Mining Experiment-1 (PRIME-1) is the first robot to explore resources on the moon. For the first time at NASA, the ice is sampled and analyzed from below the surface to take advantage of such resources. Searching for water around this moon’s poles, NASA did it to support humans’ long-term existence at the end of the next decade. This could be a prototype robot used to explore the resources on Earth in space.
SEP Technology of space propulsion
Because NASA plans to expand human journeys to the Moon and Mars, it is imperative to develop technology that shortens travel time and enhances space travel capability. And support a wider variety of commercial space flight activities in the future too.
Solar Electric Propulsion (SEP) is a key technology. That is being developed to answer the question. SEP is powered by electric power from onboard solar panels. The same is used in space shuttle orbit. Electric drive systems use up to 10 times less fuel than conventional chemical drive systems, even with lower fuel mass. But will deliver a more powerful driving force. This will better support future missions for robots and astronauts. To go further than Earth’s low orbit, Increase the variety of destinations in space.
High-precision landing technology
NASA is developing high-precision landing technology. For robotic missions and human exploration missions to the moon and Mars, Explore your fortune filled with ice. And other destinations.
For future lunar exploration missions, NASA plans to use SPLICE’s advanced algorithms and sensors to target landings that were impossible in past Apollo missions, such as dangerous rocky areas. Or there are craters near. Therefore, this technology will help us get to destinations that we have never been able to have before.
Many technologies and innovations are being developed because of NASA. To conclude, more NASA also added a clip that tells of the success of the private sector. Source Download Knowledge from NASA to continue (Spin-off) transform space technology into widely available commercial products and services. Many technologies we can see more easily and closer than we think. NASA now claims that over 2000 products benefit from these space technologies in our own household pots and pans in aviation circles or weather forecasts and agricultural technologies. (Want to know what else is Press to look at spinoff.nasa.gov now)
The technologies are just ‘part’ to bring NASA’s exploration of the moon and Mars closer to reality. If a lack of tightly aligned personnel has clear ability and responsibility, including regular and serious cooperation from various parties And budget a national mission like this would be challenging to succeed, we can accomplish some tasks. Even our level may not even take humans to the moon. But must rely on these things as well.
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